The Original Article 11 from the Treaty of Tripoli



I copied the first part of Article 11 (Barlow original, shown at the top) from the original treaty of Tripoli book of 1797. Because of the water stains, most of the Article proves difficult to read (thus I only show the first portion for brevity).

Joel Barlow had full charge of the Treaty of Tripoli. He authored and wrote the entire English version of the treaty document. The Barlow copy of Article 11 comes from a second treaty book, coped from the original treaty book and does not contain as much stain damage. Joel Barlow hand wrote both English versions and signed both of them on the same day on January 3rd, 1797.

The Senate received the Barlow text from the original treaty book and John Adams ratified it. This served as the text which the U.S. printed in the Statutes at large and in treaty collections generally; it comes from Barlow's English text that, in the United States, has always deemed the text of the treaty.

The original treaty of Tripoli and the treaty copy remain preserved in the National Archives in Washington D.C. and found under Treaty Series No. 358. The official Senate treaty exists in the American State Papers, Foreign Relations, II, 18-19.

For more information and history on the treaty, which includes the Arabic text from the original treaty book, see "Treaties and other International Acts of the United States of America," Vol. 2, edited by Hunter Miller, United States Government Printing Office, Washington: 1931

Jim Walker

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